1 the attributive vs referential distinction in a classic 1966 paper, donnellan introduces the di erence between two uses of descriptions, namely what he calls the di erence is best illustrated by an example (1) for the sake of keeping the analysis streamlined, we will for the most part assume a simple lexical ambiguity. 21 millianism 22 sense theories 23 the description theory 24 attacks on descriptivism 25 the causal-historical theory of reference the choice of ' the teacher of alexander the great' as the description synonymous with 'aristotle' seems arbitrary why not 'the most famous pupil of plato' not only. Many of their insights were actually taken on board — in particular the following two claims, which have become common ground among students of philosophers is known mostly through the work of paul grice content donnellan, in other terms, is best construed as a contextualist, and a contextualist. The prob lems of pragmatics have been treated informally by philosophers in the ordinary language tradition, and by some linguists, but logicians and in most cases, however, the context of utterance affects not only the force with which the proposition is expressed, but also the proposition itself it may be that the. He is truly the most amazing philosopher i have worked with it is honor to be his student i would like to thank prof dr david grünberg he is the professor who made me love logic without his encouragements, i would not come this far in my career i am also grateful to work with a great mind as assoc prof dr aziz fevzi.
The contemporary debate on singular thought has been shaped by two developments in the 1950s and 1960s firstly, quine's (1956) success in bringing the medieval distinction between de re and de dicto thoughts and thought- ascriptions back to the attention of the philosophical community secondly, the discrediting in. 'speaker's meaning' and its role in semantics in that debate, keith donnellan, who started the whole thing when he published his famous paper 'reference and definite descriptions' (1966), defends a position which is in many ways similar to that of the ordinary language philosophers he maintains that, in. Saul kripke has worked in many branches of logic (higher recursion theory, set theory, models of arithmetic, and relevance logic), but the work best known to philosophers, and much cited in the literature of linguistic semantics, computer science, and other disciplines, is his development of kripke models for modal and.
Scriptions used referentially function more or less as other referring expressions, proper names and indexicals all referential expressions, donnellan further ar- gues, do not function according to the principle of identifying descriptions, as most philosophers from frege onward thought, but rather on the ground of being. It is not well known that in his göttingen period (1900–1916) edmund husserl developed a kind of direct reference theory, anticipating,among other things, the distinction between referential and attributive use of adefinite description, which was rediscovered by keith donnellan in 1966 and further analysed by saul kripke in. More general goal we hope to contribute to elucidating the interaction between the semantic and pragmatic components of an overall theory of interpretation i am quite generically referring to the well-known systems of discourse representation such that for each g in that set, g(xk) 2 p in g(v), and hg(xi) g(xj)i 2 r in. Abstract the distinction between speaker's and semantic reference arose in connection with donnellan's distinction between the referential use and the attributive use of definite descriptions the central reference looms large in the 20th century philosophical literature, notably in the work of russell and strawson, which.
Subsequent work within the montague grammar framework, following bennett ( 1974), eliminated the individual concept foundation of montague's grammar as an unnecessary complication however, more recently there have been moves to reinstitute individual concepts as denotations – cf eg aloni 2005a 2005b. More general goal we hope to contribute to elucidating the interaction between the semantic and pragmatic components of an overall theory of interpretation of de nite descriptions and the speci c interpretation of inde nite ones i am quite generically referring to the well-known systems of discourse representation.
Practice what has come to be known as experimental philosophy, e machery, r mallon casting doubt on the claim that proper names are not descriptive mmns' credit for the work, which was thereafter attributed to gödel thus he has been known as the man who proved the incompleteness of arithmetic most people. Philosophy and the study of literature 89 others donnellan has evaluated the theories of his predecessors in the light of his own distinction between the attributive use and the referential use of definite descriptions 7 • this was all to the good i have the impression, however, that much more could be gained by.
Like most english philosophers (bradley being the great exception--corrupted no doubt by hegel), whitehead is a pluralist, as were occam, locke my third thesis is that the differences between the well‑known english writers on moral philosophy from sidgwick to the present day are of little importance. The millian view that the meaning of a proper name is simply its referent has long been popular among philosophers introduction anyone new to philosophy of language could well figure that proper names are the least the most glaring objection alleges that it cannot do justice to the fact that proper names are primarily. Donnellan's referential descriptions constitute a sub-set of specific np's (definite speci- fic np's in the singular with uniqueness of reference is secured by making the description more determinate, eg, by saying 'the old man who i think that to draw a parallelism between the philosophical notion of uniqueness and the. Wettstein's interpretation thus runs counter to what is certainly the most famous critique of donnellan's distinction later in the chapter wettstein traces the evolving descriptions of the cognitive requirement for reference through donnellan's work, beginning with the relatively unanalyzed notion of having in.